understanding Hungarian elections

Well, I have to admit, the parliamentary government and election system is a little confusing to me, and Hungary’s system, in particular, seems a bit complex. Here’s my messy summary of how Hungary’s election process works:

There are 386 seats in the Hungarian Parliament, and 176 (something like 46%) of these are determined through elections of candidates within every district.

After these 176 seats are determined, the remaining 210 seats are given out according to “party lists.” 152 of these seats are distributed to to the 20 territories (19 counties plus Budapest). The last 58 seats are given according to national party lists. These are distributed according to the sum of all votes for the candidates of each party.

On April 9th, the first round of voting took place, and two votes were cast. The first vote was for a candidate in their locality. The second vote is for their prefered candidate/party (which goes toward a territorial party list = a list for each party reflecting the number of votes within a certain territory). After this first round of voting, the 210 “party list” seats are declared.

On April 23rd, the second round of voting will take place. During this round, citizens vote between the two strongest candidates for Prime Minister.